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VLAN Questions

November 19th, 2018 Go to comments

Note: If you are not sure about Virtual Local Area Network (VLAN), please read our Virtual Local Area Network VLAN Tutorial.

Quick summary about VLAN:

Be default all access ports belong to VLAN 1. If we want to assign a new VLAN, we have to use the command “switchport access vlan <vlan-id>” under interface mode.

VLAN Benefits:

– Logically group devices by department/function, not location so it provides more efficient use of bandwidth
– Separate broadcast domains, thus reducing their sizes and help mitigate broadcast storms
– Provide additional security because it separates sensitive data traffic from other traffic

The following commands are used to a create a VLAN (for example VLAN 10) and assign it to an interface (for example fa0/1) on a switch:

Switch(config)#vlan 10 //Create VLAN 10 first
Switch(config)#interface fa0/1
Switch(config-if)#switchport access vlan 10 //assign Fa0/1 interface to VLAN 10

To verify a VLAN or check which ports belong to which VLAN, use the “show vlan” command (or “show vlan id <vlan-id>” for a specific VLAN)

Question 1

Question 2

Question 3

Question 4

Question 5

Explanation

On an Ethernet connection, a duplex mismatch is a condition where two connected devices operate in different duplex modes, that is, one operates in half duplex while the other one operates in full duplex. Duplex mismatch can easily cause collision domain issue as the device that operates in full duplex mode turns off CSMA/CD. So it is eager to send data immediately without checking if the link is free to use -> A is correct.

An “inband path” is the path which provides path for management traffic (like CDP, VTP, PAgP…) but we are not sure why congestion on the switch inband path can cause collision domain issues. Maybe congestion on inband path prevents the JAM signal (sent when a collision occurs on the link) to be sent correctly on the link.

Question 6

Explanation

If we configure an access port as follows:

Switch(config)#interface fa0/1
Switch(config-if)#switchport mode access

Then this interface, by default, will belong to VLAN 1. Of course we can assign another VLAN to this port via the “switchport access vlan {vlan-number}” command.

Question 7

Explanation

Traffic on the native VLAN is untagged -> Answer B is not correct.

Control plane traffic (like CDP, VTP, STP…) runs on VLAN 1 by default. They are not blocked on the native VLAN -> Answer C is not correct.

If the answer says “the native VLAN should be set so that no real traffic running on it for security reasons” then it is correct but the native VLAN is not typically disabled -> Answer D is not correct.

CDP runs on VLAN 1 by default and the native VLAN is also VLAN 1 by default so answer A is the best choice here.

Question 8

Explanation

With the configuration above, when we type “do show vlan” we would not see VLAN 10 in the VLAN database because it has not been created yet. VLAN 10 is only created when we exits VLAN configuration mode (with “exit” command).

Question 9

Explanation

IEEE 802.1Q is the networking standard that supports virtual LANs (VLANs) on an Ethernet network. When a frame enters the VLAN-aware portion of the network (a trunk link, for example), a VLAN ID tag is added to represent the VLAN membership of that frame. The picture below shows how VLAN tag is added and removed while going through the network.

VLAN_tag_added_removed.jpg

Question 10

Explanation

When using VLAN the number and size of collision domains remain the same -> A is not correct.

VLANs allow to group users by function, not by location or geography -> B is correct.

VLANs help minimize the incorrect configuration of VLANs so it enhances the security of the network -> C is correct.

VLAN increases the size of broadcast domains but does not decrease the number of collision domains -> D is not correct.

VLANs increase the number of broadcast domains while decreasing the size of the broadcast domains which increase the utilization of the links. It is also a big advantage of VLAN -> E is correct.

VLANs are useful but they are more complex and need more administration -> F is not correct.

Comments (9) Comments
  1. Anonymous
    December 13th, 2019

    hi 9tut, about Q5 the right answers should be A and E. any comment !

    If problems only occur on that collision domain, and the performance of other collision domains in
    the same VLAN is normal, then look at the port counters on the switch to determine what troubles
    this segment may be experiencing. Most likely, the cause is simple, such as a duplex mismatch.
    Another, less frequent cause is an overloaded or oversubscribed segment.

    as Neil reference:
    https://www.cisco.com/c/en/us/support/docs/lan-switching/virtual-lans-vlan-trunking-protocol-vlans-vtp/23637-slow-int-vlan-connect.html

  2. Patrick
    December 31st, 2019

    @9tut, any update on Q5?

  3. Tomas
    January 5th, 2020

    @9tut, could you please comment on the question Q5?

  4. Charmis
    January 7th, 2020

    I think Q8 is not correct because automatically when you type ‘ vlan 10’ the vlan is added to the vlan database. Try it with PT

  5. matt
    January 21st, 2020

    I cant see the question text like many others. What is the issue?

  6. Cristy
    January 26th, 2020

    Hello,

    The questions are there:

    http://congressreiki.ranm.org/?all=ccna-faqs-a-tips

  7. Cristy
    January 26th, 2020
  8. Anonymous
    February 2nd, 2020

    how many bits in length is a vlan identifier

  9. Kavin
    February 12th, 2020

    Simplest answer for q5
    E mentions segment…and this is layer 2 so it should have been frame
    correct answer A & C

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